Bratstvo / Jedinstvo
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> Sala Rekalde | EN, ES, EU

 

The name and inspiration for this project both come from the "Brotherhood and Unity Highway” [1], a highway that stretches more than 1180 kilometres through Yugoslavia, connecting its six former constituent regions. It starts at the Austrian border and goes through Ljubljana, Zagreb, Belgrade and Skopje to the Greek border in the southeast. It was the first and only modern road built to international standards in Yugoslavia.



In the 1960s and 1970s, the road became a very busy and dangerous route for Turkish, Greek and Yugoslav immigrants working in West Germany and Austria (in German called "Gastarbeiter", "guest workers"). For the most part they used it to visit their countries of origin during the summer holidays. Entry to the communist (but not aligned) Yugoslavia was much easier for people from NATO countries, including Germany, Turkey and Greece, than entry to any of the communist Warsaw Pact countries from the Balkan region, which could have provided alternative routes.

The Brotherhood and Unity project has an interdisciplinary approach to the region as a major objective. The project combines different forms of perception to get an overview of perspectives from what was and is Yugoslavia. The complexity of the region through which the highway passes incorporates historical, architectural, political and cultural aspects, this is why a comprehensive approach to this reality can only be achieved by setting a vision as wide as possible.

To get input for the project a road-trip has been completed, travelling through all the regions that were part of the former Yugoslavia. The trip aimed to document the idea of ​​Yugoslavia (through photography, video, audio ...) by following the highway and its history. To complete this “personal view” different materials (books, videos, pins, coins ...) related to Yugoslavia were collected along the way. The goal was to cross-cut the different layers of history of a country that, although is not existing anymore, is still present in the collective memory of the region presented here.

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1: Croatian: Autocesta Bratstvo i jedinstvo; Macedonian: Автопат Братство и единство; Slovene: Avtocesta bratstva in enotnosti, Serbian: Aутопут Братство и единство.


Sala Rekalde, 2016

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Official portrait of Josip Broz "Tito". Origin: Skopje (Macedonia).
- Amateur portrait in pyrography of Josip Broz "Tito". Origin: Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- Coat of Arms of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Pula (Croatia).
- Collection of publications from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- Postcards from all over Yugoslavia. Origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Coat of Arms of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Pula (Croatia).
- Collection of publications from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
- Postcards from all over Yugoslavia. Origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Postcards from all over Yugoslavia. Origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Postcards from all over Yugoslavia. Origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Postcards from all over Yugoslavia. Origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- Books, Josip Broz Tito "Complete Works" in Latin and Cyrillic letters, Volumes 1-20. Belgrade, Skopje, Ljubljana, 1977-1986. Origin: former library of the Political School "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- Books, Josip Broz Tito "Complete Works" in Latin and Cyrillic letters, Volumes 1-20. Belgrade, Skopje, Ljubljana, 1977-1986. Origin: former library of the Political School "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Books, Josip Broz Tito "Complete Works" in Latin and Cyrillic letters, Volumes 1-20. Belgrade, Skopje, Ljubljana, 1977-1986. Origin: former library of the Political School "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flags of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- 30 photos from personal archive, markets, purchased or transferred.

 


Monument in Tjentište (Bosnia and Herzegovina). 2015.

 


Sarajevo, peaceful march in front of the parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina, April 4, 1992.

 


Brotherhood and Unity Highway passing through Belgrade (Serbia). 2015.

 


Pins at the National Museum of Contemporary History, in the middle two dedicated to the Brotherhood and Unity Highway. Ljubljana (Slovenia). 2015.

 


Vučko. Mascot of the Sarajevo Olympic Winter Games 1984, Olympic Museum in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina). 2015.

 


Hotel Jugoslavija. Belgrade (Serbia). 2015.

 


Back-cover of the book "Oružane snage SFRJ". Belgrade (Serbia), 1978.

 


Opening of monument dedicated to six inhabitants of Volčja Draga (Slovenia) shot by the Germans in Svečeričev Hrib the September 19, 1943 as revenge for partisan acts. Flags: League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Slovenia. September 19, 1981.

 


Rožná Dolina (Slovenia), a few meters far from the border with the Italian town of Gorizia, on 28 June 1991 Slovenian special forces destroyed three T-55 tanks of the Yugoslav National Army.

 


Opening of the section Grdelica - Skopje, Brotherhood and Unity Highway. 1961.

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- 30 photos from personal archive, markets, purchased or transferred.

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Digitized and enlarged photography. Origin: School Policy "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).
- Portrait of pioneer. Origin: Skopje (Macedonia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Digitized and enlarged photography. Origin: School Policy "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Digitized and enlarged photography. Origin: School Policy "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).
- Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- 30 photos from personal archive, markets, purchased or transferred.
- Poster of pioneer, scanned and enlarged polaroid. origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Portrait of pioneer. Origin: Skopje (Macedonia).
- Poster ofpioneer, scanned and enlarged polaroid. origin: Zagreb (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Video, "Highway Brotherhood and Fraternity". 10h 18min 38sec. Digital Video, 2015 > VIDEO from Brežice to Ljubljana, 1h 04min 48sec
- Video, "Tito - Riječ I Djelo" (Tito - Word and Action). 8mm digitized, 1971. 16min 04sec. Origin: Skopje (Macedonia) > VIDEO
- Video: 1: Relay of Youth in Novi Sad (Vojvodina), 1980. 2min 07sec > VIDEO / 2: Celebration of Youth Day at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1985. 13min 51sec > VIDEO / 3: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 9min 26sec > VIDEO / 4: Delivery to Tito of theYouth Relay at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1977. 4min 43sec > VIDEO / 5: Celebration and delivery of the Relay of Youth at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1979. 16min 40sec > VIDEO / 6: Last Youth Day celebration at JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1987. 24min 50sec > VIDEO / 7: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, Bele Vode (Serbia), 1989. 8min 23sec >VIDEO / 8: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 35min 55sec > VIDEO

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Digitized and enlarged photography. Origin: School Policy "Josip Broz Tito" in Kumrovec (Croatia).
- Video, "Highway Brotherhood and Fraternity". 10h 18min 38sec. Digital Video, 2015 > VIDEO from Brežice to Ljubljana, 1h 04min 48sec

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Video, "Highway Brotherhood and Fraternity". 10h 18min 38sec. Digital Video, 2015 > VIDEO from Brežice to Ljubljana, 1h 04min 48sec
- Video, "Tito - Riječ I Djelo" (Tito - Word and Action). 8mm digitized, 1971. 16min 04sec. Origin: Skopje (Macedonia) > VIDEO
- Video: 1: Relay of Youth in Novi Sad (Vojvodina), 1980. 2min 07sec > VIDEO / 2: Celebration of Youth Day at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1985. 13min 51sec > VIDEO / 3: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 9min 26sec > VIDEO / 4: Delivery to Tito of theYouth Relay at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1977. 4min 43sec > VIDEO / 5: Celebration and delivery of the Relay of Youth at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1979. 16min 40sec > VIDEO / 6: Last Youth Day celebration at JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1987. 24min 50sec > VIDEO / 7: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, Bele Vode (Serbia), 1989. 8min 23sec >VIDEO / 8: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 35min 55sec > VIDEO

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Video: 1: Relay of Youth in Novi Sad (Vojvodina), 1980. 2min 07sec > VIDEO / 2: Celebration of Youth Day at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1985. 13min 51sec > VIDEO / 3: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 9min 26sec > VIDEO / 4: Delivery to Tito of theYouth Relay at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1977. 4min 43sec > VIDEO / 5: Celebration and delivery of the Relay of Youth at the JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1979. 16min 40sec > VIDEO / 6: Last Youth Day celebration at JNA Stadium, Belgrade (Serbia). May 25, 1987. 24min 50sec > VIDEO / 7: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, Bele Vode (Serbia), 1989. 8min 23sec >VIDEO / 8: Promise Ceremony, last generation of pioneers, 1989. 35min 55sec > VIDEO

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flags of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Official portrait of Josip Broz "Tito". Origin: Skopje (Macedonia).
- Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Origin: Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia).
- Zastava M70 B1. Origin: Kragujevac (Serbia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Zastava M70 B1. Origin: Kragujevac (Serbia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flags of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Origin: Belgrade (Serbia).
- Exploited HE mortar ammunition M62P8. Origin: Dubrovnik (Croatia).
- Zastava M70 B1. Origin: Kragujevac (Serbia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Exploited HE mortar ammunition M62P8. Origin: Dubrovnik (Croatia).

 


Sala Rekalde, 2016

- Exploited HE mortar ammunition M62P8. Origin: Dubrovnik (Croatia).


Sala Rekalde, 2016
- Flags of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Origin: Belgrade (Serbia).